Standard Bank sales and trading head Geoff Sinclair warned that South African companies should take advantage of generating revenue from carbon trading before policy changes.
South Africa may be taken off the carbon trade list, due to a new clean development mechanism (CDM) project definition, to be updated at the end of 2012.
Scams harm Kyoto protocol
According to CDM, an industry watchdog, some companies participating in a Kyoto Protocol carbon trading system were falsely inflating their greenhouse gas emissions.
Countries that committed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions under the Kyoto Protocol must do so primarily through national measures.
As a way to help signatories meet designated targets, Kyoto introduced three market-based mechanisms; Emissions Trading, Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), and Joint Implementation, in effect creating a carbon market that was worth $2.7-billion in 2009.
CDM Watch found that “chemical plants that destroy a potent gas named hydrofluorocarbon-23 (HFC-23), may have inflated their emissions, in order to destroy these emissions and thus sell more offsets.”
Analysis of monitoring data from registered HFC-23 destruction projects revealed that plants were intentionally operated in a manner to maximise production of
Certified Emission Reductions, explained CDM Watch. “Due to extra revenue, far more HFC-23 was generated than would occur without CDM.”
The UN had issued “an inflated number of bogus credits that created vast profits for carbon trading groups and chemical companies,” said CDM Watch director Eva Filzmoser.
CDM Watch had asked for new Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) to be handed to HFC projects, to be discounted by over 90%, and for projects up for renewal to be reviewed at a panel meeting.
If approved, the revision could drastically alter the 2236 project strong CDM, which to date has been ruled by credits of 19 HFC projects, mainly in China and India.
IDC sponsors ‘enviro economy’
The SA Industrial Development Corporation (IDC) is among state, semi state and private initiatives supporting an SA policy for building a ‘green economy’.
The semi state agency is targeting electricity co-generation, but is also “looking seriously at the potential for funding energy efficiency”.
Typically co-generation opportunities arise in the chemical industry when waste fuel or heat is used to generate electricity. A number of IDC funding options are available.
IDC roles in ‘green economy’ covers a number of options, including:
• IDC direct funding
• Leveraging funding from other investors
• Development of new enviro friendly projects
• Demonstrating viability of investments by lead projects
• Exploring and accessing international sources of green funding
• Development and use of carbon credits, assisting in establishing market co-ordinating with other agencies.
Contact Raoul Goosen at email@example.com
Environmental management auditing news reports follow below.
SA quality body certifies African enviro auditors
SAACTA has established an environmental management system (EMS) auditor certification and registration scheme.
The only South African organisation providing a recognised certification and competency framework for environmental auditors, is the Southern African Auditor Training and Certification Association (SAACTA).
There are also a number of private service providers who provide environmental auditor training that includes the provision for registration with overseas environmental auditor registration and certification bodies such as the UK-based Institute of Environmental Management and Assessment (see glossary and Internet reference).
SAATCA is a section 21 company established to develop and implement a registration scheme for the certification of non-financial auditors. Initial certification was for quality auditors in terms of the ISO 9000 Quality Management standards series and this, since 1998, has expanded to include enviro sytems auditors.
Certification is carried out in terms of a SAATCA Administrative manual, SAATCA Environmental Management System (EMS) Auditor Certification and Registration Scheme”, Reference SAATCAEMS.0011998, February 1999 Revision 2.
SANS 0157 quality management system standard
With the introduction of SANS 0157: Code of Practice for Quality Management Systems, the need arose for a framework under which quality management systems of suppliers of commodities and services could be assessed and audited.
The former South African Committee for the Certification of Quality System Auditors (SACCQA) was formed on 22 October 1986 in response to this need. It would implement, administer and control a scheme for the certification of quality system auditors and lead auditors. Two sub¬committees were also established;
• Training Panel, responsible to the SACCQA for establishing and controlling procedures for practical training of auditors, accreditation and monitoring of organisations offering Quality System Auditor training courses with associated monitoring of the syllabus of training courses.
• Evaluation panel, responsible to the SACCQA for establishment and control of written examinations to determine competency of auditors and lead auditors, grading and re-grading quality system auditors and lead auditors and the appointment of certification boards.
Due to interest shown in SACCQA by southern African, SADC and other African countries like Zimbabwe, Zambia and Kenya, the name was changed to ‘Southern African Council for Certification of Quality System Auditors’.
A Memorandum of Understanding with 12 other countries established the International Auditor and Training Course Association (IATCA), as well as appointment of a permanent Registrar already in 1996.
Following the decision to register auditors from other disciplines, like laboratory and environmental management, and to register training course providers, March 1991 saw SACCQA change its name to the Southern African Auditor and Training Certification Association with the acronym SAATCA.
Enviro management training
SABS Training Centre offers management system courses registered with Southern African Auditor Training Certification Association (SAATCA), and Services SETA.
Generic and tailor-made courses are offered in Africa and abroad, to develop auditors, directors and managers of ISO certified and non-certified companies, in management systems training.
* Environmental Management Systems; ISO 14000
* Quality Management Systems, ISO 9000: 2000
* Vehicle Test Stations evaluation, SANS 10216
* HACCP Systems; SANS 10330, food and beverage systems auditing.
Contact firstname.lastname@example.org or 012 428 6503 /5 /6.