Posted on: October 11, 2011 Posted by: Diane Swarts Comments: 0

Southern Africa is the best African region for safety and rights, but lags behind Africa in sustainabililty and human development, found the Ibrahim Index 2011.

Southern Africa region governance “displays balanced and equitable performance, with strong average regional performance in all categories and almost all sub categories,” reports the Ibrahim Index 2011 on continental state governance.

Somalia, Chad and Zimbabwe are the worst three countries in Africa on safety, rule of law, participation and human rights, sustainable economic opportunity, and human development.

Southern Africa is the best African region for safety, rule of law, participation, and human rights, but lags behind Africa in sustainable economic opportunity and human development.

The index assesses governance performance of African countries, based on 86 indicators of service delivery. Sudanese billionaire Mo Ibrahim comments that African youth experience and express poor service and corruption.

“Africa’s young majority are no longer willing to stand for a selective approach to governance, as adopted by many governments… achievements in economic management and human development… will not be realised if a democratic deficit persists,” said Ibrahim Foundation chairman Mo Ibrahim.

Most African countries showed “a reversal of citizen rights and human rights, in favour of economic sustainability. “ountries were doing well in improving health and education, but we ca not assume [accept] that economic success is a substitute for human rights,” said Ibrahim.

Namibia ranks sixth, Lesotho eighth, Egypt 10th, Zambia 16th, Malawi 17th, Mozambique 21st, Libya 28th, Madagascar 33rd, and Zimbabwe 51st. Egypt’s and Libya’s governance were disrupted by civil war and regime change, but governance rankings are based on more enduring considerations.

The annual Ibrahim Index uses 23 data sources and several institutions to measure effective delivery of public goods and services, aiming to guide African states on service delivery improvement.

Overall African Ibrahim Index 2011 governance scores include;
82% Mauritius governance
79% Cape Verde governance
76% Botswana governance
73% Seychelles governance
71% South Africa governance
58% southern Africa region average governance
51% Swaziland governance
50% Africa average governance
33% Central African Republic governance
32% DRC governance
31% Zimbabwe governance
31% Chad governance
08% Somalia governance

Southern Africa region Ibrahim Index 2011 scores include;
78% southern African national security average
66% southern African health average
51% southern African gender issues average
51% southern African education average
48% southern African rule of law average
48% southern African rule of law average
44% southern African personal safety average
43% southern African rights average
43% southern African accountability average
43% southern African accountability average
31% southern African infrastructure average

South Africa Ibrahim Index 2011 scores and statistics include;
95% SA national security
85% SA rule of law
82% SA education
75% SA participation
75% SA gender issues
73% SA public management
72% SA business environment
72% SA accountability
69% SA health
67% SA rights
45% SA infrastructure
25% SA personal safety
SA GDP per Capita US$7420
SA has the lowest rank on personal safety.
SA life expectancy at birth 51.6 years
SA population 50-m
SA governance quality had lowered in the period 2006 to 2010

Botswana Ibrahim Index 2011 scores and statistics include;
100% Botswana national security
97% Botswana rule of law
86% Botswana accountability
77% Botswana business environment
Botswana GDP per capita US$7780
Botswana population 2-m

SA Ibrahim Index 2011 detail

South Africa ranks fifth, due to high scores in areas like national security (defence and absence of war or civil war) at 95%, but low scores in areas like personal safety at 25%, lower even than Angola (36), Egypt (49), Libya (39), Rwanda and Swaziland. Robbery and rape risks are among the considerations for ‘personal safety’.
South Africa is ranked at 21st in health services, despite the state, institutions and the public spending billions on health facilities, training, services and insurance. Local commentators have revealed that the SA health system is expensive, inefficient, and does not serve the general public, while foreign visitors get world class surgery, including cosmetic surgery, in SA.

South Africa is ranked fifth overall, behind Mauritius, Seychelles, Botswana and Cape Verde, but South Africa is rated 44th out of 54 on personal safety.

South Africa ranks tops in public management and business environment, mainly due to generally poor performance and corruption in these service aspects in Africa. Other indexes indicate a worldwide lowering of public management service performance.

South Africa business environment ranking is keenly watched by investors, and South Africa could from its high ranking on that score, within a lively African investment market.

• Ibrahim Index 2011 sources include USA CIA, Economist Intelligence Unit EIU, World Development Indicators WDI, states statistics, and NGO data, totaling 23 sources.

PHOTO; Ibrahim Foundation chairman, Mo Ibrahim, said most African countries showed a reversal of citizen rights and human rights, in favour of economic sustainability.

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